The fifth version of the HTML standard is the most current as of (April 2016) was first published in October 2014 by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) with a view to enhance HTML with support for the latest advances in multimedia, and at the same time ensuring the tags were easily readable by humans and consistently understood by web browsers and other applications.
HTML5 was designed to subsume HTML 4, XHTML 1 and DOM Level 2 HTML.
HTML5 includes detailed processing models to allow or facilitate more interoperable implementations. HTML5 extends and rationalizes the markup available for documents, and introduces markup and APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) for complex web applications.
HTML5 is therefore also suitable for cross-platform mobile applications, because it includes features designed specifically with low-powered devices such as smartphones and tablets in mind.
To natively handle multimedia and graphical content, new video, audio and canvas elements were added, and support for SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics content) and MathML for mathematical formulas. To enrich the semantic content of documents, new page structure elements such as:- main, section, article, header, footer, aside, nav and figure, were also added.
The APIs and DOM (Document Object Model) are now fundamental parts of the HTML5 spec. Read about HTML5 here
It makes the web faster: developers are able to use HTML5 to reduce file sizes and guarantee a cleaner user experience.
HTML5 has “Canvas”: a powerful tool for creating graphic content. With Canvas, it becomes easier to create animations, drawings and other complex visuals without using external apps.
More and more internet browsers are supporting HTML5. Want to check how compatible is your browser with HTML5? Go to this site and find out. If not, better update your browser version!
One of the hypes surrounding HTML5 is its video capabilities. Developers can integrate video with HTML5 without having to use any plugins. As more and more browsers are becoming compatible HTML5, the percentage of HTML5 videos available online is rapidly increasing.
Same goes for sound. HTML5 comes with a powerful support tool for audio elements.
HTML5 is available on a multitude of platforms and performs great on PC’s, mobile phones and tablets.